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Fire Exit & Emergency Lighting
Primarily intended to provide sufficient illumination to enable people to see their way safely out of a building in cases of emergency, falling into two categories: Emergency Escape Lighting Escape Route lighting, High Risk Task Area Lighting & Open Area (Anti-Panic) Lighting and Standby Lighting.
Fire & Emergency Lighting - advice
It is vital that emergency lighting comes on if the normal lighting fails. It needs to be sufficiently bright, illuminated for enough time, and the light sources so positioned that the occupants of a building can be evacuated safely in an emergency.
BS 5266 Emergency Lighting, the Code of Practice for the emergency lighting of premises, offers simple guidance on the positioning of emergency luminaires, minimum height levels, acceptable glare levels, together with minimum routine testing schedules. Emergency lighting requirements specify that luminaires are positioned:
- Along escape routes
- At every change in direction
- Adjacent to any step or trip hazard
- Over every flight of stairs so each tread receives direct light
- Close to fire fighting equipment and call points
- Close to any first aid points
- Outside every final exit
It is also recommended that some thought is given to providing external luminaires to guide evacuees away from the final exits. Additionally, BS 5266 puts additional emphasis on the importance of regular testing of emergency lighting equipment.